Lobotomy demonstration. Source: (chaostrophic.com)
In the ‘30s, ‘40s, and ‘50s, modern-day psychosurgery included a procedure called lobotomy.
Egas Moniz. Source: (arquivos.rtp.pt)
Egas Moniz, a Portuguese neurologist, was/is regarded as one of the founders of modern psychosurgery for having developed the surgical procedure leucotomy, better known today as lobotomy, for which he received the Nobel Prize in 1949 (shared with Walter Rudolf Hess).
Dr. Freeman pointing out the frontal lobe of the brain. Source: (washingtonian.com)
Dr. Walter Freeman’s ice-pick lobotomy became very popular because many were desperate for a cure for mental illness.
The description of the procedure of lobotomy is as follows by individuals who have observed Dr. Freeman performing it:
Frontal lobe of the brain. Source: (slideplayer.com)
From the beginning, lobotomy has had a controversial history.
Before/after pictures of lobotomy. Source: (pinterest.com)