Saturday, 31 August 2019

1963: This Man Knocked Down A Wall Of His Home And Revealed An Ancient Underground City

Turkey. Cappadocia. Derinkuyu Underground City. Source: (Photo by: Claudio Beduschi/AGF/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)
Imagine doing some home remodeling work in your house and accidentally stumbling upon the entrance to a hidden underground city with significant archaeological importance. It may sound like the plot to a best-selling novel or action-adventure movie, but it actually happened in Turkey in 1963. Here is the incredible story of the ancient underground city of Derinkuyu and its modern rediscovery. 
Archaeologists found around 100 hidden entrances into the underground city. Source: (

Home Improvements = New Discoveries

In 1963, a homeowner in the Nevsehir province near the Turkish city of Cappadocia was doing a renovation project. When he tore down an old wall, he discovered a secret room hidden in his basement. This would be surprising enough, but after poking around the secret room, he made an even more startling discovery. There was a tunnel leading out of this hidden chamber that descended down into a mysterious labyrinth
Derinkuyu goes down 18 levels. Source: (

An Ancient Underground City

What this homeowner discovered in 1963 was one of the entrances to Derinkuyu, an ancient underground city that was constructed sometime between the 15th and 12th centuries BCE. Carved out of the soft, volcanic rock, Derinyuku was designed to stay hidden from view. Although there are several entrances into the underground city, they're all obscured with a variety of ingenious objects. So is the complex network of ventilation shafts that brought oxygen into the subterranean city. Massive stone doors were found that close from the inside. It's obvious that the city was built to keep people out. But who?
The ancient city was carved of rock so scientists cannot carbon date it. Source: (

Seeking Protection Underground

Because the rocky ground on which the city of Cappadocia was built is so soft, it is likely that early residents of the area first dug out small storage rooms or cellars beneath their homes, because this was before you could just rent a locker from one of those guys on Storage Wars. The cool, constant temperatures would have made it ideal for storing food. But the underground rooms also offered protection when the city was set upon by foreign invaders. Archaeologists believe that the elaborate tunnels and chambers of the underground city were built to keep the citizens safe during invasions. Exactly which foreign invaders they hoped to keep out depends on who built the underground cities, which isn't entirely clear. Archaeologists have two theories about who the builders could be. 
Were the Hittites the builders of Derinkuyu. Source: (

Were the Hittites the Subterranean Builders?

The Hittites inhabited the area that is now Turkey as far back a 1600 BCE. By the middle of the 1300s BCE, the Hittite Empire had reached its height, extending across Asia Minor and into the Upper Mesopotamia region. Although the Hittite Empire was sophisticated, the various cities of the empire were besieged by outside forces on a regular basis, and eventually, the empire collapsed. Many historians claim that the underground city of Derinkuyu and the others like it beneath Cappadocia were built by the Hittites to hide from the Phrygians. But there is another theory. 
One ton stone doors were designed to keep out intruders. Source: (

Did the Hittites Phrygians Dig the City?

An alternate theory proposed by some historians and archaeologists claim that Derinyuku was really constructed by the Phrygian people and that the tunnels were built between the 8th and 7th centuries BCE, making them younger than originally thought. The Phrygian people were accomplished, builders and architects. They were responsible for completing several large, complex building projects. Considered the greatest builders of the Iron Age, they had the skills to create an elaborate subterranean city. Unfortunately, scientists cannot definitively date the tunnels because they are made from stone, not organic material. 
The underground city could house tens of thousands of people. Source: (

Derinkuyu is Unique Among the Area's Underground Cities

Although archaeologists believe there could be hundreds of subterranean cities beneath Cappadocia, so far, we've managed to find a whopping six. Out of the ones we know about, Derinyuku is the deepest, extending down about 280 feet over 18 different levels. The tunnel system was deliberately narrow so as to force enemy invaders to crawl through them one at a time, but once you conquer your claustrophobia, the chambers open into huge rooms that could have housed tens of thousands of people. At the lowest level, the rooms are near enough to an underground river that the whole city had access to fresh drinking water.
Derinkuyu had everything a city would need. Source: (

It Is a Fully Functioning City

Derinkuyu was designed so that everyday life would go on as usual even if the population was forced to hide out underground. The city had stalls for livestock, churches, schools, markets, and even a graveyard. When the city was excavated, archaeologists were surprised to find more than 100 secret entrances into the underground city. Like to entrance that was discovered in 1963, all of the entrances were hidden throughout Cappadocia—in surface buildings, in courtyards and parks, in walls, and behind trees and bushes. Most likely, these doors stood open when Derinkuyu was new so that the residents could access the tunnels quickly and easily, but now, they're like creepy little ancient Easter eggs.
Tourists can visit the underground city in Cappadocia. Source: (

The Underground Cities Were No Secret

Written records of the time, such as Anabasis by Xenophon, mention that people lived in underground cities in Cappadocia. One such city, Kaymakli, has been continuously inhabited since it was built. Excavation around Cappadocia seems to indicate that there are many more subterranean cities just waiting to be discovered. It is quite possible that the next home renovation projects undertaken in Turkey could be the first step in finding another one of these cities. It has, after all, happened before.


  1. Anyone but me remember when B.C. meant Before Christ? BCE = Before Common Era? I wonder who would change that? I'll stick with B.C.

    1. I agree. I still use BC and AD as a matter of principle. No one consulted me about the change. You can't get much more beautiful than "Anno Domini."

    2. hahah you know it was the jews

  2. Here's an incredible story about ancient civilizations and you are quibbling about B.C.?

  3. Actually, the use of the term "B.C." is an incredible story about history as well. Granted the term refers to Christ, but why would anyone be so offended by that, that they would promulgate a new phrase like "Before Common Era"? Even if someone is a confirmed atheist, just using "B.C." as the conventional dating scheme is simple common sense and does no actual harm to anyone. What's next? Maybe people who don't like Queen Elizabeth I will demand that Virginia change its name.

  4. When I saw the multi-floor diagram with the caption stating that ten's of thousands of people may have lived there, my first thought, and maybe because I'm an old man, but I wondered, "Where's the bathroom?"
    And, of course my second thought was, "I hope these chambers are well ventilated!"

  5. The Quibbling is based on Satan's plan to remove Christ from all reference. Those implementing this plan wish to change history tp writing out Christ as savior. Hold on to your old books as their being re-printed by the score. They're doing everything to wipe out past knowledge of jews not having their own land. They want to steal all of Palestine swearing the promised land is theirs as their Tora says it is.. Oh and all us non-jews are still on earth to serve them as they are the chosen ones.

  6. Possibly the city was designed around an underground stream either natural or man-made. At certain places, a narrow opening would be built above the flowing water where people could eliminate without worrying about children falling in and waste would be swept away. But yes things would smell due to lack of bathing areas and dirty diapers. But of course this kind of living was simply designed to ensure survival while being assailed by an enemy force so it would not be for luxury living and only be temporary.

  7. Nothing "Common" about it. The Jews, Muslims, Chinese and others all have different calendars. I was under the impression that B.C.E. meant "Before the Christian Era." So BC it is.